What Is the Cannabis Act of Canada (Bill C-45) all about?

 In CBD Canada

Information for the following article was taken from the Government of Canada’s website:


What Is the Cannabis Act of Canada (Bill C-45) all about?

This article will look at four interesting points of the proposed Cannabis Act that comes into effect on July 1, 2018:


  1. What does the act mean to adults now using cannabis for recreational or medicinal purposes?


As of July 1, 2018, adult Canadians will be able to “legally possess, grow and purchase limited amounts of cannabis”. Until that date, cannabis (with the exception of sanctioned medical cannabis) is still considered illegal. Once it is legalized, a Canadian adult will be able to buy fresh or dried cannabis, cannabis oil, plants or seeds. That adult will also be able to carry up to 30 grams of “dried legal cannabis in public.”  In addition, any adult can grow “up to 4 legal cannabis plants per residence” with a height restriction on the cannabis plant of 1 metre. However, provinces and territories will be allowed to impose further restrictions on the number of plants an individual can grow, if they wish. Finally, adults will be able to create cannabis products such as cannabis oil or cannabis edibles for personal use as long as no “dangerous, organic solvents” are used. Selling edible cannabis products however will not be regulated until the government can study the best way to allow that to happen safely. It is unknown how long that might take.


Medical cannabis, prescribed by licenced medical personnel, is exempt from the law presently and that system will continue to operate under the new legislation.


  1. How old must a Canadian be in order to buy legal cannabis?


The federal government appointed a task force to wrestle with the question of the minimum age of a Canadian looking to buy legal cannabis. That task force recommended the age be set at only 18 years old because the government realizes that Canadian youth “use cannabis at rates that are among the highest in the world” already. In other words, they know teenagers are going to do their best to use cannabis because they are now so they might as well give in and let those between 18 and 25 (the other recommended minimum age for legally buying cannabis) continue their use, only now on a perfectly legal basis.


  1. How does an individual or a company apply to either produce cannabis or distribute cannabis?


All the government is saying right now is that once the Cannabis Act is passed, all producers of cannabis and cannabis products will need to apply to be federally licenced in order to operate legally. To distribute cannabis, the provincial and municipal governments may also get involved and distributors will have to adhere to the rules and regulations each level of government imposes on them.


  1. Will THC concentration in the sold cannabis have limits placed on it by the government?


The short answer is yes. The government will require that the concentration be clearly marked on the packaging of any edible cannabis product once they figure out how to standardize concentration levels.









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